Mineral License



The mineral license is necessary to start an operating in the mineral activity. It is necessary to apply it in the National Mining Agency (ANM), of the Ministry of Mines and Energy. According to article 20 on the Brazilian mining code, all mineral in the country belongs to the union. The mineral license must be performed by a professional qualified, such as a geologist, registered in the professional federal council.

In a simple way, the procedures for requesting a mineral license can be summarized in the following topics:

  • 1.

    Identify the area with economic potential and define a polygon. With the polygon defined it is consulted if the area it is available to request. It’s important to find out the bounded polygon doesn’t intersect areas of environmental or blocking interest, such as transmission and hydroelectric lines, caves, paleontological sites, among others.

  • 2.

    For monitoring the processes, all documents submitted to ANM must be accompanied by a technical responsibility note (ART) that is issued by a qualified professional, usually a geologist. Mineral research activities only can begin after the release of the research permit, provided by ANM. It cannot be less than one year and not more than three years.

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